Arturo Cruz | INCAE


Full Professor at INCAE Business School since 1994. He was a visiting professor at the Escuela Superior de Economía y Negocios (ESEN) in El Salvador, and an invited lecturer in the executive master's degree and other executive programs of Fuqua, at Duke University. He was part of the Western Hemisphere Advisory Group to the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund.

His essays on Latin America and US foreign policy have been published in the Journal of Democracy, New Republic, Commentary, The Washington Post's Book World, The New York Times' The Week in Review, The SAIS Review, The International Forum of the College of Mexico, IMF publications, FUNIDES publications, INCAE Magazine, Confidencial, Razón Pública, and Estrategia y Negocios, among other publications.

He has also been interviewed by PBS, CNN, Al Jazeera, among other international television networks. He served as Nicaragua's Ambassador to the United States and Canada. 


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Full Professor
Country of origin:
Country of Residence:
Costa Rica


  • MA - Johns Hopkins University
  • BA - American University
  • Ph.D. -Oxford University

Teaching areas

  • Analysis of the Political Environment
  • Strategy


  • Analysis of the Political Environment
  • The Competitive Advantage of Nations
  • Political analysis
  • political analysis
  • Political Analysis in Latin America

Executive Programs


Work experience

Between February 2007 and February 2009, Arturo J. Cruz-Sequeira served as the Ambassador of Nicaragua to the United States and Canada.

In June 2009 he returned to INCAE, his academic home since 1994, where he holds the position of Full Professor. Prior to his career with INCAE, Professor Cruz-Sequeira was a Bradley Fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington DC.

He has been a Guest Lecturer at the Foreign Service Institute (Washington DC), in the executive teaching programs of Fuqua, the business school of Duke University, as well as a visiting professor at ESEN in El Salvador.

Among other activities, he was a member of the Editorial Board of the weekly Confidencial (Managua, Nicaragua), Vice President of Glasnost, the company that owns the digital publication in English Nicaragua Dispatch, and belonged to the Advisory Board of the Central American Cultural Collection.

He was also part of the Working Group on Central America of the Inter-American Dialogue, as well as the Group of Regional Advisors for the Western Hemisphere of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Council of Ambassadors of the Americas, associated with CSIS in Washington DC, and the Group of Strategic Reflection of the UNDP in Nicaragua.

He is currently an active member of Alternativa Latinoamericana. He has participated as a member and consultant of the boards of directors of Central American banks and companies. Some companies are: Grupo Monge (Costa Rica), Ingenio Pantaleon (Guatemala), Banco del Istmo (Panama), BAC (Costa Rica), Banco Agrícola (El Salvador), Banco Cuscatlán (El Salvador), Grupo Corporativo Pérez (Panama) , and AEI (Houston, Texas).

Other consultancies include Platts (Miami and Guatemala City), FUSADES and ANEP (El Salvador), FUNIDES (Nicaragua), the High Command of the Nicaraguan Army, the Nicaraguan Foreign Ministry, Pro Nicaragua, Unión Fenosa, UNILEVER Central America, CEAL Central America, Banco Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI).

He has been a speaker at the Americas Society (New York), SAIS (Washington DC), Wilson Center (Washington DC), Inter American Dialogue (Washington DC), The Heritage Foundation (Washington DC), Organization of American States (Washington DC), State Department Ambassadorial Seminars (Washington DC), Center for Hemispheric Policy University of Miami, Princeton University, Latin American Center at Saint Antony's College (Oxford University), CEAL Latin America (Mexico City, Mexico), Institute of Latin American Studies (Kyoto, Japan ), Friedrich Ebert Foundation (Bonn, Germany), and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (Lake Como, Italy).

His essays on Latin America and US foreign policy have been published in the Journal of Democracy, New Republic, Commentary, Book World Washington Post, Week in Review New York Times, SAIS Review, Confidencial, Estrategia y Negocios, INCAE Business Review. , Public Reason.

Other publications include working papers with UNDP, the IMF (Washington DC), Wilson Center (Washington DC), Inter American Dialogue (Washington DC), FUSADES (San Salvador, El Salvador), FUNIDES (Managua, Nicaragua).

His work, The Conservative Republic, was published in English by Palgrave Press and Saint Antony's Oxford in 2002 and in Spanish by the Cultural Collection in 2003. His book, together with Forrest Colburn, Varieties of Liberalism, was published in English by Texas University Press. in 2007.

Professor Cruz-Sequeira has been interviewed by BBC Radio, The News Hour on PBS, CNN and Al Jazeera, among other international media. His college education began with a BA from SIS at American University, followed by an MA in International Relations from Johns Hopkins (SAIS), and a Ph.D. in Modern History from Oxford University in England.