Alberto Trejo | INCAE


Alberto Trejos earned his PhD in economics from the University of Pennsylvania. As an academic, he has been a faculty member at Northwestern University and INCAE, where he also served as Dean and as director of INCAE's Latin American Center for Competitiveness and Sustainable Development (CLACDS). 

He has also been a visiting scholar at the University of Michigan, the Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica de Barcelona, ​​the University of California, and the United States Federal Reserve Bank. 

He has published extensively in both academic journals and practitioner media, particularly in monetary theory, macroeconomics, international trade, and development. In Costa Rica he was minister of foreign trade, a position from which he led the CAFTA negotiation. He was one of the original members of the Supervisory Council of the Financial System and, for almost a decade, president of CINDE. 

He participated in the design and negotiation of the Worker Protection Law, which constituted the comprehensive reform of the pension system. He has been one of the founding directors of the Brenthurst Foundation of South Africa, the Democracy Lab, and the advisory board of the New York University School of Public Health. 

He also chaired the Arias Foundation for Peace and Democracy. He has been a judge in international conflicts before the World Trade Organization. Trejos is currently the vice president of the Cuestamoras Corporation and a director at Banco BAC-Credomatic. 

He is a partner of the consulting firms CEFSA and DRP, and has provided his services for governments, international organizations and companies in 60 countries, especially in the Americas, Europe and Africa. 


Data message

Full Professor
Country of origin:
Costa Rica
Country of Residence:
Costa Rica


  • MA - University of Pennsylvania
  • Ph.D. -University of Pennsylvania

Teaching areas

  • Economy


  • International Trade
  • Global Macroeconomic Trends
  • Macro economics
  • The Manager in Global Trade
  • Strategy in the Public Sector


Work experience

Alberto Trejos obtained his doctorate in economics with honors from the University of Pennsylvania in 1994. He has been a member of the Northwestern University faculty, and a visiting professor at the University of Michigan and the Institut d Analisi Economica de Barcelona.

At INCAE he has served as dean and director of its think-tank, the Latin American Center for Competitiveness and Sustainable Development. His academic work focuses on monetary economics, macroeconomics, international economics, and development.

In public policy, his service as Minister of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica stands out, during which he led the CAFTA negotiation. He has also been president of CINDE, the investment attraction office, and a member of the National Council for the Supervision of the Financial System. He participated in the design and negotiation of the reform of the pension system.

In private practice, he is a partner of CEFSA, the main macroeconomic consulting firm in his country. He is a member of the board of directors of several important companies in Costa Rica, including the BAC San José bank, the Cuestamoras Corporation, the newspaper El Financiero, and the distributor DIPO.

Internationally, he has been a consultant and expert for governments, international organizations and companies in 50 countries in Latin America, Europe and Africa. He is a director of the Brenthurst Foundation in South Africa. He chairs the International Council on the Economy for the President of Malawi, and is a member of the Board of International Councilors for the President of Mozambique.